Deep Dive in to Virtualization & Cloud

NTP Server Install and Configure

NTP stands for Network Time Protocol, and it is an Internet protocol used to synchronize the clocks of computers to time reference. The NTP client initiates a time-request exchange with the NTP server. As a result of this exchange, the client is able to calculate the link delay and its local offset and adjust its local clock to match the clock at the server’s computer. As a rule, six exchanges over a period of about five to 10 minutes are required to initially set the clock. Once synchronized, the client updates the clock about once every 10 minutes, usually requiring only a single message exchange. In addition to client-server synchronization. This transaction occurs via the User Datagram Protocol on port 123. NTP also supports broadcast synchronization of peer computer clocks. This blog covering installation and configuration of NTP Server on Cent OS and how to configure NTP Client in Domain Controller and Linux Servers.

Install & Configure NTP Daemon

1. Download and Install NTP server RPM from default CentOS repository by issuing the following command

2. After the server is installed, go to official NTP Public Pool Time Servers website and choose your Continent area where the server physically is located, then search for your Country location and you will get a list of NTP servers.

3. Then open NTP daemon main configuration file (/etc/ntp.conf) for editing, comment the default list of Public Servers from project and replace it with the list provided for your country like below.

4. Start the services and add the service to startup as below

5. NTP service uses UDP port 123 on OSI transport layer (layer 4), For security enable firewall and allow only NTP traffic towards NTP server

6. If you need additional information for troubleshooting in case there are problems with your NTP daemon add a log file statement which will record all NTP server issues into one dedicated log file. Ntpq command will help you to know the status of ntp

NTP Client Configuration in Domain Controller

We can configure time server on a windows domain controller by using GPO with WMI filter and W32tm.exe, I am explaining with W32tm

Run the following command on the PDC emulator:  

w32tm /config /manualpeerlist:timeserver /syncfromflags:manual /reliable:yes /update

Run the following command on all other DCs (that are not PDC):  

w32tm /config /syncfromflags:domhier /update

Once done, restart W32Time service.

To check the source time server:

w32tm /query /status

NTP Client Configuration in Linux Server

To configure ntp in client machine install ntpd daemon like we installed on NTP server and configure the server as NTP server which we created and restart the services like below


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